US Urban Transport Costs Higher than Auto
One Life Saved per $1.7 Million Invested on US Motorways
US Federal Law Requires 6 Years Pay at Layoff to Transit Employees
Amtrak: America's Only Subsidized Intercity Passenger Transport
Britain, Europe, Japan: Reducing or Eliminating Subsidies to Intercity Rail
US Transit Fares per Person Mile Exceed Auto Costs
Amtrak Subsdies per Person Mile Exceed Airline Fares
US Autos One-Third More Fuel Efficient than Transit Buses
US Airlines As Fuel Efficient as Transit Buses per Person Mile
New Urban Rail in the US: Expensive & Ineffective
US Auto Fatality Rate is Below Public Transport
Amtrak: Negligible Contribution to Mobility
The Sunday Times (London) on Autos and the City

US Urban Transport Costs Higher than Auto

The cost per passenger mile of urban transport service in the US was $0.60 in 1994 --- 2.5 times the $0.17 cost per passenger mile of the automobile.


One Life Saved per $1.7 Million on US Motorways

Each $1.7 invested in building US interstate highways (motorways) has saved one traffic fatality over the past 40 years. Each $30,000 of interstate investment has saved one injury. (All 1996$)


Feds Guarantee 6 Years Severance Pay to Transit Employees

Section 13(c) of the US Federal Transit Act requires that transit agencies pay up to six years severance pay to any employee laid off due to an efficiency or economy. On average, less than half of US private sector workers are covered by severance pay. In the US market severance pay is usually measured in weeks, not in months or years.


Amtrak: America's Only Subsidized Intercity Transport

Amtrak is America's only subsidized intercity passenger transport. The nation's highway system is financed by government imposed user fees (primarily fuel taxes), and consumer purchases of vehicles and fuel. The nation's air traffic system is financed by government imposed user fees (the "ticket tax") and consumer purchases of airline tickets. Highway and airline trust fund expenditures have been restrained to reduce annual budget deficits, despite the fact that their funds can only be spent for the highway and air systems.Intercity buses are unsubsidized

If other modes of transport were subsidized at the same rate per person kilometer as Amtrak, the intercity bus industry would be subsidized $5 billion annually, the airline industry $60 billion annually and auto users would be subsidized at more than $650 billion annually. The total --- more than $700 billion --- is more than the total of annual federal income tax receipts --- and would require increasing the federal transport budget 40 times (4,000 percent).


Britain, Europe and Japan Reduce Subsidies to Rail

While US intercity rail subsidy routinely claim that all passenger rail systems require subsidies, that is no longer true. Britain is privatizing its intercity rail system under a competitive tendering system (franchising). Britiah Rail has been broken into 25 operating companies, which are being franchised to private operators. The first six franchises will provide improved service while reducing government subsidies by 63 percent over 7 years. European rail systems are becoming more commercial as significant efforts are being made to reduce subsidies (as a part of official European Union policy). Japan has privatized its passenger railways. The six operating companies are profitable. New Zealand privatized its rail system, and passenger operations are profitable. Privatized New Zealand Rail has started to restore passenger services that had been cancelled when New Zealand Rail was government owned.


The Sunday Times on Autos & Cities

(Editorial: "Driving on Empty," 25 August 1997, The Sunday Times, London)

... The two-car family is an expression, not of the failings of public transport as Mr. Prescott (Environment Minister) suggested last week, but of rising incomes and a growing number of married women in the workplace. As for young people, who appear more concerned about the environment than earlier generations, this does not appear to extend to revulsion towards the motor car. ...


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